Cosmetic surgery

Cosmetic surgery or Aesthetic surgery is a unique surgical procedure that focuses on enhancing the appearance through corrections by surgical and medical techniques. Cosmetic surgery can be performed on all parts of the body. Under cosmetic surgery there are various surgeries and reconstruction surgery is a part of cosmetic surgery. Its focus is to improve function and to give a normal appearance to a part of the person’s body.
Rhinoplasty
This is referred to a surgical treatment that reshapes or resizes the nose. It can correct a variety of concerns, including a noticeable bump on the nasal bridge, a droopy or expanded nasal tip, a nose that’s off-center, or lack of balance due to a previous injury. After the evaluation, he or she can tell the doctor if the assumptions are realistic. The surgeon will make changes based on the overall health of the person.
While initial swelling would last for a few weeks, it may take up to a year for the new nasal contour to fully refine. During this time one may notice gradual changes in the appearance of the nose as it refines to a more permanent outcome.
As the body ages, it is natural to have some changes to your face progressively, including your nose. But most of the time it will be a permanent result. A healthy lifestyle and life-long sun protection will help extend the results of the corrected appearance.
Abdominoplasty
Deep underneath the skin lies a layer of muscle that can become stretched out with age, pregnancy and weight alteration. No matter how much exercise one does, if the underlying tissues are not in good position, stomach does not appear to be thin, trim and contoured.
Even if there is little fat on the stomach, if the muscles have detached, the lower section of the tummy will most likely look bloated and barrel-shaped. That’s because the muscles that provide the stomach definition—the six-pack muscles—have detached internally. Most surgeons say the main reason for this in women is because of pregnancy. Once the muscles are separated, they create this minor bulge. Post-pregnancy, the muscles can get stronger, but they can’t settle back to their original shape and position. The only way to correct the problem is to surgically tighten the muscles, with a tummy tuck, which in turn will remove the pooch.

Liposuction
Removes fat from your body using suction. During liposuction, small, thin, blunt-tipped tubes are inserted through minor cuts in the skin. Fat is syphoned out through these tubes as the surgeon moves the tube around and under the skin to target specific fat deposits.
In recent years, improved procedures have made liposuction safer, easier, and less painful.
Liposuction treatment has both advantages and disadvantages. It depends how a patient recovers or how his metabolism responds to recover. Removal of excess fat can be harmful so the patient must choose the right hospital and see how well the doctor is qualified to treat him or her.
Post Liposuction
After the procedure, the area of the body that was treated is nicely wrapped to help reduce swelling, bruising, and pain. They may have to wear the compression cloth or wrap it around the area of surgery for 3 to 4 weeks.
Why Liposuction is done
The main reason of liposuction is to reshape one or more areas of the body, not to reduce body mass. Liposuction is typically used on “problem” areas that have not responded well to diet & exercise. These areas are often on the outer thighs and hips on women and the waist and back on men. The face, neck, abdomen, back, buttocks, legs, and upper arms are all commonly treated areas.
Liposuction is sometimes used in combination with other cosmetic surgery procedures, such as like tummy tuck and breast reduction treatments
Liposuction may also be used to treat certain medical conditions, including:
Lipomas is a benign tumor which is composed, basically it is a body fat
Abnormal growth of male breast
Problems of metabolism
Armpit sweating
Liposuction is not used to treat obesity. It will not eliminate cellulite or stretch marks.
 Circumferential Thighs or Buttocks
Liposuction circumferential thighs and buttocks is referred to the reshaping of the entire thigh and buttocks region area by eliminating excess fat deposits. This technique is a cosmetic surgery procedure designed to enhance the lower body appearance and is common for individuals who have recently lost excess amount of weight, for those who wish to remove excess fat, for those that cannot lose the last amount of weight in their lower bodies on their own and following childbirth. Liposuction is a common technique that can be used for almost any area of the body. It is not a procedure that is designed to help someone to lose weight or to replace healthy behaviors.

The first step in a circumferential thigh and buttocks liposuction procedure is to control anesthesia and this will be evaluated through the anesthesiologist. The amount anesthesia to be given will be determined by the estimated time of surgery, the height and weight of the patient and their overall health status.
Then, the incisions will be made. Liposuction is performed using tiny incisions, often in multiple locations along the side of the thighs and underneath the buttocks in the natural crease area. The surgeon will work according to the plan to limit the number of incisions while still being effective in the procedure.
Sterile solution is first injected into the incisions as a way to reduce the overall bleeding during the surgery as this will ultimately reduce trauma. A hollow tube is then inserted into the incision sites. A forward and backward motion is used by the surgeon to loosen the fat so that it can be sucked out using a vacuum like machine. Having done with thighs and buttocks liposuction, the movements are often much bigger than a more gentle procedure such as facial liposuction. Many a times as the incisions are so small, they can be closed with surgical tape or surgical adhesive. Bandages are often tightly wrapped around the areas affected, to help reduce swelling.
Breast Reduction
Sometimes liposuction is used along with surgery. If most of the breast is thick tissue and if excess skin isn’t a problem, liposuction alone may be enough for breast reduction.
Breast reduction surgery is done in a hospital or surgical center, typically with general anesthesia. The surgery is carried out in about 3 to 5 hours. An overnight stay is not usually required at the hospital. For minor reductions, the surgery may be done with local anesthesia.

Breast lift (mastopexy)
Same as breast reduction, except that in some cases only skin is taken out. A breast lift can raise sagging or drooping breasts, which is a common problem with large, heavy breasts, and can elevate the nipple and areola.
What To Expect After Surgery
Soon after surgery, a thin transparent fabric of silk is placed above the minor slit, and the breasts are wrapped in an elastic bandage. In some cases, there may be a tiny tube in each breast to allow blood to flow outside and fluid for the first two days. Stitches may be eliminated in 1 to 2 weeks.
Nearly all women have some breast discomfort for the first couple of days after surgery and then little discomfort for a week or two. Medicine can help soothe the pain. Swelling and bruising will be there for several weeks. Wearing a surgical bra for the whole day can help reduce swelling and support the breasts while they heal.
One can be back to normal work and social activities within a couple of weeks, unless those activities involve heavy lifting or movements for the breast. The treated person may need to take a break from exercise and activities for weeks or more. It’s important to wear a bra that supports the breasts well, such as a sports bra.
You will have noticeable scars on your breasts after breast reduction surgery.Scars may fade over time, but they will not disappear.
Blepharoplasty
Eyelid surgery, or blepharoplasty, is a surgical procedure to improve the appearance of the eyelids. Surgery can be performed on the upper lids, lower lids or both. If one wants to improve the appearance or are experiencing functional problems with the eyelids, with an eyelid surgery it can rejuvenate the area surrounding your eyes.
What eyelid surgery can treat
Loose or sagging skin that creates folds or disturbs the natural contour of the upper eyelid, sometimes impairing vision
Fatty deposits that appear as puffiness in the eyelids
Bags under the eyes
Drooping lower eyelids that reveal right below the iris
Excess skin and fine wrinkles of the lower eyelid

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